Tag Archives: hartal

2 April 2013: ICT-1 Daily Summary – Hartal – Gholam Azam Defense Closing Arguments

Please note that today was a hartal and due to security concerns our researchers were unable to attend proceedings. The following brief summary is compiled from media sources and conversations with the Defense and Prosecution.

Today the Tribunal heard matters in the following cases:

  1. Chief Prosecutor vs. Gholam Azam

Today was scheduled for the conclusion of the Defense’s Closing Arguments on legal points. Abdur Razzaq, Senior Defense Counsel for Gholam Azam was not present before the Tribunal. A junior Defense counsel member filed an application for adjournment on the grounds that the senior Defense members were facing personal difficulties. The junior also noted that the Defense had tried to pay the costs imposed by the Tribunal upon them on 27 March, but were unable due to a problem with the server of the concerned bank’s online network. He stated that they tried to pay another two times and so today sent a clerk to pay the cost directly.

Prosecutor Sultan Mahmud Simon opposed the application for adjournment. Prosecutor Turin Afroz submitted that the cost imposed does not reflect the value of the labor and time of judges, lawyers, officials and others which she claimed are being wasted because of the Defense counsel’s absence. After hearing both sides’ arguments, the Tribunal adjourned the proceedings until tomorrow, 3 April 2013. The Tribunal also passed an order directing the Defense counsels to finish the legal arguments by 4 April and noted that failure to do so would effectively terminate the Defense counsel’s Closing Arguments.

28 March 2013: ICT-1 Daily Summary – Hartal, Shortened Coverage

Today due to an opposition led hartal (strike) our researchers were unable to attend proceedings. We have compiled the following summary from media sources and conversations with the Prosecution and Defense.

Today the Tribunal heard matters in the following cases:

  1. Chief Prosecutor vs. Salauddin Qader Chowdhury – Cross-Examination of Prosecution Witness 22

Ahsanul Huq Hena, Senior Defense Counsel for Salauddin Qader Chowdhury cross-examined Anil Baran Dhar, PW-22. Thereafter, Tribunal adjourned the proceedings of the case until April 1, 2013

Cross-examination of Prosecution Witness 22
Prosecution witness 22, Anil Baran Dhar, testified that he filed a case at the Raozan Police Station on 5 April 1972 under section 148/149/302/34, accusing 16 persons including Salauddin Qader Chowdhury and his father Fazlul Qader Chowdhury. However, the witness testified that he cannot remember whether a Charge Sheet was issued against Fazlul Qader Chowdhury and Salauddin Qader Chowdhury. He said that after filing the case he did not stay up to date on the case’s progress and denied that he actually knew everything about the case. Dhar testified that the Pakistani Army first went to Raozan on 13 April 1971. He said that he could not remember whether Sheikh Mujibur Rahman used his speech on 7 March 1971 to call on the people to form Shangram Parishad (committees for preparation of conflict) in each and every village and town to stand against Pakistan. Dhar testified that he did not know whether any committee was formed in Raozan to stand against Pakistan. He additionally said he did not know what was written on his SSC certificate as his date of birth.

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27 March 2013: ICT-1 Daily Summary – Hartal Shortened Coverage

Today due to an opposition led hartal our researchers were unable to attend proceedings. We have compiled the following summary from media sources as well as through conversations with the Defense and the Prosecution.

Today the Tribunal heard matters in the following cases:

  1. Chief Prosecutor vs. Gholam Azam – Defense Application for Privileged Communication with the Accused, Adjournment of Proceedings

On March 24, 2013 Tajul Islam, Defense Counsel of Gholam Azam filed an application seeking permission to meet with his client Gholam Azam. Today the Tribunal allowed the Defense’s request for privileged communication with the Accused, scheduling Abdur Razzaq, Sishir Monir and Gholam Azam to meet on 30 March from 10 am to 1 pm.

The Defense was scheduled to continue their Closing Arguments today, addressing the legal issues based on Charges 1 to 4. However, Senior Defense counsel Abdur Razzaq was not present and a junior Defense attorney requested two days of adjournment for the senior lawyer due to personal difficulties. Prosecutor Sultan Mahmud Simon opposed the prayer. The Tribunal allowed the adjournment prayer but imposed costs of Thaka 5,000 on the absent lawyer.

27 March 2013: ICT-2 Daily Summary – Hartal, Shortened Coverage

Due to today’s hartal (strike) our researchers were unable to attend proceedings. We have compiled the following short summary from media sources as well as through conversations with the Prosecution and the Defense. 

Today the Tribunal heard matters in the following cases:

  1. Chief Prosecutor vs. Muhammad Kamaruzzaman

In the Kamaruzzaman case the Prosecution continued their Closing Arguments, addressing the evidentiary aspects of Charges 4 – 7. Prosecutor Saiful Islam evaluated the testimony of the prosecution witnesses in relation to each charge.

CHARGE 4:  Killing of Golam Mostafa
Date of Occurrence: 23 August 1971.
Place of Occurrence: Serih Bridge, Gridda Narayanpur village, Mostafabag, Sherpur.
Witnesses in Support of Charge: Prosecution Witnesses 2, 5 and 14.

Charge 4 concerns the murder of a civilian named Golam Mostafa who was allegedly taken from College Morh on Mostafabag Thana Road and taken to Serih Bridge where he was killed. Another victim by the name of Abul Kasem was taken with Golam Mostafa but managed to escape after being shot by jumping into the river flowing under the bridge.

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27 Feb 2013: Gholam Azam Closing Arguments, Sayedee Verdict for the 28th

This is a brief summary of today’s proceedings. A more detailed post will follow.

Today the Tribunal heard matters in the following cases:

  1. Chief Prosecutor vs. Gholam Azam
  2. Chief Prosecutor vs. Delwar Hossain Sayedee

The Tribunal heard the Prosecution’s Closing Arguments for the  8th consecutive day. The Prosecution submitted his arguments in support of Charge 5, torture and murder of Sub Inspector of Police Siru Miah as a Crime against Humanity.  This concluded the Prosecution’s arguments based onthe  charges. Thereafter Prosecutor Zead-al-Malum sought adjournment and Tribunal adjourned the proceedings of Ghulam Azam until March 3, 2013.

Today the Sayedee case appearedas Item 2 on the cause list. After hearing the Closing Arguments in the Gholam Azam case the Chairman of Tribunal 1, ATM Fazle Kabir, stated that on January 29, 2013 the Tribunal had completed hearing Closing arguments in the Sayedee case and the case had been under consideration awaiting verdict since then. He announced that the Final Judgment has been prepared and Tribunal will deliver its verdict tomorrow, February 28, 2013.

This will be the third  judgment issued by the International Crimes Tribunal, the first to be issued by Tribunal 1. It follows the verdicts in the Kalam Azad and Qader Molla cases.

It should be noted that after the announcement of the impending verdict, Jamaat-e-Islami has called a hartal (strike) for tomorrow in protest of what they expect to be an unfair verdict against Sayedee, a party leader. In light of the energy behind the ongoing Shabagh movement (which was sparked by the sentence given in the Qader Molla case and is unified around calling for the death penalty against alleged war criminals) and opposition to the trials by Jamaat-e-Islami, there is potential for significant demonstrations and violence tomorrow.